e世博天上人间

《新疆的若干历史问题》白皮书发表

新疆的若干历史问题

(2019NIAN7YUE)

ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUO

GUOWUYUANXINWENBANGONGSHI

  MULU

  QIANYAN

  YI、XINJIANGSHIZHONGGUOLINGTUBUKEFENGEDEYIBUFEN

e世博天上人间  ER、XINJIANGCONGLAIBUSHI“DONGTUJUESITAN”

e世博天上人间  SAN、XINJIANGGEMINZUSHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEZUCHENGBUFEN

  SI、WEIWUERZUSHIJINGGUOZHANGQIQIANXIRONGHEXINGCHENGDE

  WU、XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUASHIZHONGHUAWENHUADEZUCHENGBUFEN

  LIU、XINJIANGLILAISHIDUOZHONGZONGJIAOBINGCUNDEDIQU

e世博天上人间  QI、YISILANJIAOBUSHIWEIWUERZUTIANSHENGXINYANGQIEWEIYIXINYANGDEZONGJIAO

  JIESHUYU

e世博天上人间  FUJIAN:ZHONGGUOLIDAIJIYUANJIANBIAO

  前言

e世博天上人间  ZHONGGUOXINJIANGWEIWUERZIZHIQUDICHUZHONGGUOXIBEI,WEIYUYAOUDALUFUDI,YUMENGGUGUO、ELUOSI、HASAKESITAN、JIERJISISITAN、TAJIKESITAN、AFUHAN、BAJISITAN、YINDU8GEGUOJIAJIERANG,ZHUMINGDE“SICHOUZHILU”ZAICIJIANGGUDAIZHONGGUOYUSHIJIELIANXIQILAI,SHIQICHENGWEIDUOZHONGWENMINGDEHUICUIZHIDI。

  ZHONGGUOSHITONGYIDEDUOMINZUGUOJIA,XINJIANGGEMINZUSHIZHONGHUAMINZUXUEMAIXIANGLIANDEJIATINGCHENGYUAN。ZAIMANZHANGDELISHIFAZHANJINCHENGZHONG,XINJIANGDEMINGYUNSHIZHONGYUWEIDAZUGUOHEZHONGHUAMINZUDEMINGYUNJINMIXIANGLIAN。RANER,YIGESHIQIYILAI,JINGNEIWAIDIDUISHILI,TEBIESHIMINZUFENLIESHILI、ZONGJIAOJIDUANSHILI、BAOLIKONGBUSHILI(YIXIAJIANCHENG“SANGUSHILI”),WEILEDADAOFENLIE、ZHIJIEZHONGGUODEMUDE,XUYIWAIQULISHI、HUNXIAOSHIFEI。TAMENMOSHAXINJIANGSHIZHONGGUOGUYOULINGTU,FOUDINGXINJIANGZIGUYILAIJIUSHIDUOMINZUJUJU、DUOWENHUAJIAOLIU、DUOZONGJIAOBINGCUNDENGKEGUANSHISHI,WANGCHENGXINJIANGWEI“DONGTUJUESITAN”,GUZAOXINJIANG“DULI”,QITUBAXINJIANGGEMINZUHEZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATING、XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAHEDUOYUANYITIDEZHONGHUAWENHUAGELIEKAILAI。

e世博天上人间  LISHIBURONGCUANGAI,SHISHIBURONGFOUDING。XINJIANGSHIZHONGGUOSHENSHENGLINGTUBUKEFENGEDEYIBUFEN,XINJIANGCONGLAIDOUBUSHISHENME“DONGTUJUESITAN”;WEIWUERZUSHIJINGGUOZHANGQIQIANXIRONGHEXINGCHENGDE,SHIZHONGHUAMINZUDEZUCHENGBUFEN;XINJIANGSHIDUOWENHUADUOZONGJIAOBINGCUNDEDIQU,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUASHIZAIZHONGHUAWENHUAHUAIBAOZHONGYUNYUFAZHANDE;YISILANJIAOBUSHIWEIWUERZUTIANSHENGXINYANGQIEWEIYIXINYANGDEZONGJIAO,YUZHONGHUAWENHUAXIANGRONGHEDEYISILANJIAOZHAGENZHONGHUAWOTUBINGJIANKANGFAZHAN。

  一、新疆是中国领土不可分割的一部分

e世博天上人间  ZHONGGUOTONGYIDUOMINZUGUOJIADEXINGCHENG,SHIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDELISHIBIRAN。LISHISHANG,YANGYUZHONGHUAMINZUJIQIXIANMINDEDONGYADALU,JIYOUNONGGENGQU,YEYOUYOUMUQUDENG。GEZHONGSHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHIZUQUNDEJIAOLIUHUBU、QIANXIHUIJU、CHONGTURONGHE,TUIDONGLEZHONGGUOTONGYIDUOMINZUGUOJIADEXINGCHENGHEFAZHAN。

  ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZUIZAODEJIGEWANGCHAOXIA、SHANG、ZHOUXIANHOUZAIZHONGYUANDIQUXINGQI,YUQIZHOUWEIDEDAXIAOSHIZU、BULUO、BULUOLIANMENGZHUJIANRONGHEXINGCHENGDEZUQUNTONGCHENGWEIZHUXIAHUOHUAXIA。JINGCHUNQIUZHIZHANGUO,HUAXIAZUQUNBUDUANTONGWANGCHAOZHOUBIANDESHIZU、BULUO、BULUOLIANMENGJIAOLIURONGHE,ZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEQI、CHU、YAN、HAN、ZHAO、WEI、QINDENG7GEDIQU,BINGFENBIELIANXIZHEDONGYI、NANMAN、XIRONG、BEIDIDENGZHOUBIANZHUZU。GONGYUANQIAN221NIAN,QINSHIHUANGJIANLIDIYIGETONGYIDEFENGJIANWANGCHAO。GONGYUANQIAN202NIAN,HANGAOZULIUBANGZAICIJIANLITONGYIDEFENGJIANWANGCHAO。

  CONGHANDAIZHIQINGDAIZHONGWANQI,BAOKUOXINJIANGTIANSHANNANBEIZAINEIDEGUANGDADIQUTONGCHENGWEIXIYU。ZIHANDAIKAISHI,XINJIANGDIQUZHENGSHICHENGWEIZHONGGUOBANTUDEYIBUFEN。HANCHAOYIHOU,LIDAIZHONGYUANWANGCHAOSHIQIANGSHIRUO,HEXIYUDEGUANXIYOUSHUYOUMI,ZHONGYANGZHENGQUANDUIXINJIANGDIQUDEGUANZHISHIJINSHISONG,DANRENHEYIGEWANGCHAODOUBAXIYUSHIWEIGUTU,XINGSHIZHEDUIGAIDIQUDEGUANXIAQUAN。ZAIZHONGGUOTONGYIDUOMINZUGUOJIADELISHIYANJINZHONG,XINJIANGGEZURENMINTONGQUANGUORENMINYIDAOGONGTONGKAITUOLEZHONGGUODELIAOKUOJIANGTU,GONGTONGDIZAOLEDUOYUANYITIDEZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATING。ZHONGGUODUOMINZUDAYITONGGEJU,SHIBAOKUOXINJIANGGEZURENMINZAINEIDEQUANTIZHONGHUAERNVGONGTONGFENDOUZAOJIUDE。

  XIHANQIANQI,ZHONGGUOBEIFANGYOUMUMINZUXIONGNUKONGZHIXIYUDIQU,BINGBUDUANJINFANZHONGYUANDIQU。HANWUDIJIWEIHOU,CAIQUYIXILIEJUNSHIHEZHENGZHICUOSHIFANJIXIONGNU。GONGYUANQIAN138NIAN、GONGYUANQIAN119NIAN,PAIQIANZHANGQIANLIANGCICHUSHIXIYU,LIANHEYUESHI、WUSUNDENGGONGTONGDUIFUXIONGNU。GONGYUANQIAN127NIANZHIGONGYUANQIAN119NIAN,3CICHUBINGZHONGCHUANGXIONGNU,BINGZAINEIDITONGWANGXIYUDEYANHOUYAODAOXIANHOUSHELIWUWEI、ZHANGYE、JIUQUAN、DUNHUANGSIJUN。GONGYUANQIAN101NIAN,ZAILUNTAIDENGDIJINXINGTUNTIAN,BINGSHEZHIDIFANGGUANLIGUANLI。GONGYUANQIAN60NIAN,KONGZHIDONGBUTIANSHANBEILUDEXIONGNURIZHUWANGJIANGHAN,XIHANTONGYIXIYU。TONGNIAN,SHEXIYUDOUHUFUZUOWEIGUANLIXIYUDEJUNZHENGJIGOU。GONGYUAN123NIAN,DONGHANGAIXIYUDOUHUFUWEIXIYUZHANGSHIFU,JIXUXINGSHIGUANLIXIYUDEZHIQUAN。

e世博天上人间  SANGUOCAOWEIZHENGQUANJICHENGHANZHI,ZAIXIYUSHEWUJIXIAOWEI。XIJINZAIXIYUSHEZHIXIYUZHANGSHIHEWUJIXIAOWEIGUANLIJUNZHENGSHIWU。SANGUOLIANGJINSHIQI,BEIFANGXIONGNU、XIANBEI、DINGLING、WUHUANDENGMINZUBUFENNEIQIANBINGZUIHOUYUHANZURONGHE。327NIAN,QIANLIANGZHENGQUANSHOUCIJIANGJUNXIANZHITUIGUANGDAOXIYU,SHEGAOCHANGJUN(TULUFANPENDI)。CONG460NIANDAO640NIAN,YITULUFANPENDIWEIZHONGXIN,JIANLILEYIHANRENWEIZHUTIJUMINDEGAOCHANGGUO,LIKAN、ZHANG、MA、QUZHUSHI。SUIDAI,JIESHULEZHONGYUANZHANGQIGEJUZHUANGTAI,KUODALEJUNXIANZHIZAIXINJIANGDIQUDEFANWEI。TUJUE、TUGUHUN、DANGXIANG、JIALIANGYI、FUGUODENGZHOUBIANMINZUXIANHOUGUIFUSUICHAO。TANGDAI,ZHONGYANGZHENGQUANDUIXIYUDEGUANLIDAWEIJIAQIANG,XIANHOUSHEZHIANXIDADOUHUFUHEBEITINGDADOUHUFU,TONGXIATIANSHANNANBEI。YUTIANWANGGUOZICHENGTANGCHAOZONGSHU,SUITANGCHAOGUOXINGLI。SONGDAI,XIYUDIFANGZHENGQUANYUSONGCHAOBAOCHIZHECHAOGONGGUANXI。GAOCHANGHUIGUZUNZHONGCHAO(SONG)WEIJIU,ZICHENGXIZHOUWAISHENG。KALAHANWANGCHAODUOCIPAISHICHENXIANGSONGCHAOCHAOGONG。YUANDAI,SHEBEITINGDOUYUANSHUAIFU、XUANWEISIDENGGUANLIJUNZHENGSHIWU,JIAQIANGLEDUIXIYUDEGUANXIA。1251NIAN,XIYUSHIXINGXINGSHENGZHI。MINGDAI,ZHONGYANGZHENGQUANSHELIHAMIWEIZUOWEIGUANLIXIYUSHIWUDEJIGOU,BINGZAIJIAYUGUANHEHAMIZHIJIANXIANHOUJIANLIANDING、ADUAN、QUXIAN、HANDONG、CHIJINMENGGU、SHAZHOU6GEWEI,YICIZHICHIGUANLIXIYUSHIWU。QINGDAI,QINGZHENGFUPINGDINGZHUNGAERPANLUAN,ZHONGGUOXIBEIGUOJIEDEYIQUEDING。CIHOU,DUIXINJIANGDIQUSHIXINGLEGENGJIAXITONGDEZHILIZHENGCE。1762NIANSHELIYILIJIANGJUN,SHIXINGJUNZHENGHEYIDEJUNFUTIZHI。1884NIANZAIXINJIANGDIQUJIANSHENG,BINGQU“GUTUXINGUI”ZHIYI,GAICHENGXIYUWEI“XINJIANG”。1912NIANXINJIANGJIJIXIANGYINGXINHAIGEMING,CHENGWEIZHONGHUAMINGUODEYIGEXINGSHENG。

  1949NIANZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLI,XINJIANGHEPINGJIEFANG。1955NIANCHENGLIXINJIANGWEIWUERZIZHIQU。ZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIA,XINJIANGGEZURENMINTONGQUANGUORENMINGONGTONGTUANJIEFENDOU,XINJIANGJINRULISHISHANGZUIHAODEFANRONGFAZHANSHIQI。

  ZAIZHANGQIDELISHIJINCHENGZHONG,ZHONGGUOJIANGTUJIYOUGEJUSHIQIYOUYOUTONGYISHIQI,TONGYIYUGEJUJIAOTIXUNHUAN,GUOJIATONGYIFAZHANSHIZHONGSHIZHULIUFANGXIANG。TONGZHONGYUANDIQUBUTONGSHIQICENGJINGCUNZAIZHUHOUGUOHUOGEJUZHENGQUANYIYANG,XINJIANGDIQUYEDUOCICHUXIANDIFANGZHENGQUANGEJUQINGKUANG,DANBULUNZHEIXIEZHENGQUANGEJUSHIJIANYOUDUOZHANG、JUMIANYOUDUOYANZHONG,ZUIZHONGDOUZOUXIANGZHONGXINTONGYI。LISHISHANG,XIYUBUTONGSHIQICENGJINGCUNZAIDE“GUO”,BAOKUOCHENGGUOZHUGUO、XINGGUO、FENGGUO、WANGGUO、HANGUO、WANGCHAO、SHUGUO、CHAOGONGGUODENGXINGTAI,WULUNSHIHANDAIXIYUSANSHILIUGUO,HAISHISONGDAIKALAHANWANGCHAO、GAOCHANGHUIGUWANGGUODENG,YUANDAICHAHETAIHANGUO,MINGDAIYEERQIANGHANGUO,DOUSHIZHONGGUOJIANGYUNEIDEDIFANGZHENGQUANXINGSHI,DOUBUSHIDULIDEGUOJIA。JIBIANSHIDIFANGGEJUZHENGQUAN,YEDOUYOUNONGHOUDEZHONGGUOYITIYISHI,HUORENWEIZIJISHIZHONGYUANZHENGQUANDEFENZHI,HUOCHENSHUYUZHONGYUANZHENGQUAN。SONGDAIZHUMINGLISHIWENXIAN《TUJUEYUDACIDIAN》JIANGDANGSHIZHONGGUOFENWEISHANGQIN、ZHONGQINHEXIAQIN3BUFEN,SHANGQINWEIBEISONG,ZHONGQINSHILIAOCHAO,XIAQINWEIKASHENGAERYIDAI,SANWEIYITIWEIWANZHENGDEQIN。ZAI《ZHANGCHUNZHENRENXIYOUJI》ZHONGHANRENBEICHENGWEITAOHUASHI,XIANGYINGZAI《TUJUEYUDACIDIAN》CITIAOLI,HUIGURENBEICHENGWEITATE·TAOHUASHI,YEYOUDEZHIYIWEIZHONGGUOHUIGUREN。ZAIKALAHANWANGCHAOQIANBISHANG,CHANGYOUTAOHUASHI·BUGELAHAN、QINZHIWANGYIJIQINYUDONGFANGZHIWANGDENGCHENGHU,BIAOSHISHIZHONGGUODEYIBUFEN。

  二、新疆从来不是“东突厥斯坦”

  TUJUESHI6SHIJIZHONGYEXINGQIYUAERTAISHANDIQUDEYIGEYOUMUBULUO,YU552NIANXIAOMIEROURANHANGUO,JIANLITUJUEHANGUO。583NIAN,TUJUEHANGUOYIAERTAISHANWEIJIE,FENWEIDONG、XILIANGDASHILI。630NIAN,TANGCHAOFABINGJIBAIDONGTUJUEHANGUO。657NIAN,TANGCHAOLIANHEHUIHEMIEXITUJUEHANGUO,ZHONGYANGZHENGQUANWANQUANTONGYIXIYU。682NIAN,ANZHIZAIBEIFANGDEDONGTUJUEBUZHONGFANPANTANGCHAO,YIDUJIANLILEHOUTUJUEHANGUOZHENGQUAN。744NIAN,TANGCHAOYUMOBEIHUIHE、GELUOLUDENGLIANSHOUPINGDINGLEHOUTUJUEHANGUO。HUIHESHOULINGGULIPEILUOYINGONGBEICEFENGWEIHUAIRENKEHAN,ZAIMOBEIJIANLIHUIHEHANGUO。TUJUEZUOWEIWOGUOGUDAIDEYIGEYOUMUMINZU,YESUIZHEHANGUODEXIAOWANGYU8SHIJIZHONGHOUQIJIETI,BINGZAIXIQIANZHONGYAXIYAGUOCHENGZHONGYUDANGDIBUZURONGHE,XINGCHENGDUOGEXINDEMINZU,XINDEMINZUYUGUTUJUEMINZUYOUBENZHIQUBIE。CONGCI,TUJUEZAIWOGUOBEIFANGTUICHULISHIWUTAI。

e世博天上人间  ZHONGGUOLISHISHANGCONGLAIMEIYOUBAXINJIANGCHENGWEI“DONGTUJUESITAN”,GENGBUCUNZAISUOWEIDE“DONGTUJUESITANGUO”。18SHIJIZHI19SHIJISHANGBANYE,SUIZHEXIFANGDUIAERTAIYUXITUJUEYUZUGEZHONGYUYANDEHUAFEN,YIXIEGUOJIADEXUEZHEHEZUOJIAPINFANSHIYONG“TUJUESITAN”YICI,ZHIDAITIANSHANYINANDAOAFUHANBEIBU,DATIBAOKUOXINJIANGNANBUDAOZHONGYADEDIYU,BINGQIEXIGUANYIPAMIERGAOYUANWEIJIE,JIANGZHEIYIDILIQUYUFENWEI“XITUJUESITAN”HE“DONGTUJUESITAN”。19SHIJIMO20SHIJICHU,“FANTUJUEZHUYI”“FANYISILANZHUYI”SICHAOCHUANRUXINJIANGYIHOU,JINGNEIWAIFENLIESHILIJIANGZHEIGEDILIMINGCIZHENGZHIHUA,JIANGQINEIHANKUODAHUA,GUZAOSUOYOUSHIYONGTUJUEYUZUYUYANHEXINFENGYISILANJIAODEMINZULIANHEQILAI,ZUCHENGZHENGJIAOHEYIDE“DONGTUJUESITANGUO”。SUOWEIDE“DONGTUJUESITAN”LUNDIAO,CHENGWEIJINGNEIWAIMINZUFENLIESHILI、GUOWAIFANHUASHILIQITUFENLIEZHONGGUO、ZHIJIEZHONGGUODEZHENGZHIGONGJUHEXINGDONGGANGLING。

  三、新疆各民族是中华民族的组成部分

  ZHONGHUAMINZUDEXINGCHENGYUFAZHAN,SHIZHONGYUANGEZUHEWENHUATONGZHOUBIANZHUZUHEWENHUALIANXUBUDUANJIAOWANGJIAOLIUJIAORONGDELISHIGUOCHENG。XIANQINSHIQIDEHUAXIAZUQUN,JINGGUOZHANGQIYUZHOUWEIZUQUNDEDUOYUANRONGHE,TEBIESHIJINGGUOCHUNQIUZHANGUO500YUNIANDADONGDANGDEJIAOHUIYURONGHE,ZHIQINHANZHIJI,JINYIBUYUZHOUWEIZUQUNRONGHEWEIYITI,XINGCHENGYIZHONGYUANRENKOUJUDUODEHANZU,BINGCONGCICHENGWEIZHONGGUOLISHIJINCHENGDEZHUTIMINZU。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQI,GEMINZUYOUQISHIBEIFANGSHAOSHUMINZUXIANGZHONGYUANDAQIANXI,CHUXIANLEDARONGHEDEJUMIAN。13SHIJIYUANCHAOJIANLI,GUIMOKONGQIANDEZHENGZHITONGYIJUMIANTUIDONGLEGUIMOKONGQIANDEMINZUQIANXI,XINGCHENGLEYUANCHAOJINGNEIGUANGFANDEMINZUZAJUJUMIAN。ZHONGHUAGEMINZUZAIZHANGQIFAZHANZHONG,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGDAZAJU、XIAOJUJUDEFENBUTEDIAN。DUOMINZUSHIZHONGGUODEYIDATESE,GEMINZUGONGTONGKAIFALEZUGUODEJINXIUHESHAN、GUANGMAOJIANGYU,GONGTONGCHUANGZAOLEYOUJIUDEZHONGGUOLISHI、CANLANDEZHONGHUAWENHUA。

e世博天上人间  XINJIANGDIQUZIGUJIUTONGZHONGYUANDIQUBAOCHIZHEMIQIELIANXI。ZAOZAISHANGDAI,ZHONGYUANTONGXIYUJIUYOUYUSHIMAOYI。HANDAIZHANGQIAN“ZAOKONGXIYU”DATONGSICHOUZHILU,SHIZHEXIANGWANGYUDAO,SHANGLVBUJUEYUTU。TANGDAI“JUANMAHUSHI”CHIXUFANSHENG,“CANTIANKEHANDADAO”ZHITONGNEIDI,YANTUYIZHANXINGLUOQIBU,CHENGWEIXIYUXIANMINTONGZHONGYUANMIQIELIANXIDENIUDAI。YUTIANLE、GAOCHANGLE、HUXUANWUDENGXIYULEWUSHENRUGONGTING,ZHANGANCHENGLIUXINGXIYUFENG。CHUZIJINXINJIANGKUCHEDEGUIZILEXIANGYUZHONGYUAN,CHENGWEISUITANGZHISONGDAIGONGTINGYANLEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。JINDAIYILAI,ZAIZHONGHUAMINZUMIANLINSHENGSICUNWANGDEWEIJIGUANTOU,XINJIANGGEZURENMINTONGQUANGUORENMINYIDAO,FENQIFANKANG、GONGFUGUONAN,GONGTONGPUXIELEKEGEKEQIDEAIGUOZHUYIPIANZHANG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI,XINJIANGGEMINZUGUANXIJINRUPINGDENG、TUANJIE、HUZHU、HEXIEDEXINSHIQI。

e世博天上人间  XINJIANGZIGUYILAIJIUSHIDUOMINZUJUJUDIQU。ZUIZAOKAIFAXINJIANGDIQUDESHIXIANQINZHIQINHANSHIQISHENGHUOZAITIANSHANNANBEIDESAIREN、YUESHIREN、WUSUNREN、QIANGREN、GUIZIREN、YANQIREN、YUTIANREN、SHULEREN、SHACHEREN、LOULANREN、CHESHIREN,YIJIXIONGNUREN、HANRENDENG。WEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQIDEXIANBEI、ROURAN、GAOCHE、YANDA、TUGUHUN,SUITANGSHIQIDETUJUE、TUFAN、HUIHE,SONGLIAOJINSHIQIDEQIDAN,YUANMINGQINGSHIQIDEMENGGU、NVZHEN、DANGXIANG、HASAKE、KEERKEZI、MAN、XIBO、DAWOER、HUI、WUZIBIEKE、TATAERZUDENG,MEIGELISHISHIQIDOUYOUBAOKUOHANZUZAINEIDEBUTONGMINZUDEDALIANGRENKOUJINCHUXINJIANGDIQU,DAILAILEBUTONGDESHENGCHANJISHU、WENHUAGUANNIAN、FENGSUXIGUAN,ZAIJIAOLIURONGHEZHONGCUJINJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,TAMENSHIXINJIANGDIQUDEGONGTONGKAITUOZHE。ZHI19SHIJIMO,YIYOUWEIWUER、HAN、HASAKE、MENGGU、HUI、KEERKEZI、MAN、XIBO、TAJIKE、DAWOER、WUZIBIEKE、TATAER、ELUOSIDENG13GEZHUYAOMINZUDINGJUXINJIANG,XINGCHENGWEIWUERZURENKOUJUDUO、DUOMINZUJUJUFENBUDEGEJU。GEMINZUZAIXINJIANGDIQUJINGGUODANYU、FENHUA、JIAORONG,XINGCHENGLEXUENONGYUSHUI、XIUQIYUGONGDEGUANXI。GEMINZUDOUWEIKAIFA、JIANSHE、BAOWEIXINJIANGZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN,DOUSHIXINJIANGDEZHUREN。MUQIAN,XINJIANGGONGSHENGHUOZHE56GEMINZU,SHIZHONGGUOMINZUCHENGFENZUIQUANDESHENGJIXINGZHENGQUZHIYI。QIZHONG,CHAOGUO100WANRENKOUDEYOUWEIWUERZU、HANZU、HASAKEZUHEHUIZU4GEMINZU,CHAOGUO10WANRENKOUDEYOUKEERKEZIZU、MENGGUZU2GEMINZU。XINJIANGDIQUJISHIXINJIANGGEMINZUDEJIAYUAN,YESHIZHONGHUAMINZUGONGTONGJIAYUANDEZUCHENGBUFEN。

e世博天上人间  XINJIANGDIQUMINZUGUANXIDEYANBIAN,SHIZHONGHEZHONGHUAGEMINZUGUANXIYANBIANXIANGLIANXI。GEMINZUYOUGEHECHONGTUGENGYOUJIAOLIURONGHE,TUANJIENINGJU、GONGTONGFENJINSHIZHONGSHIZHULIU。BAOKUOXINJIANGGEMINZUZAINEIDEZHONGHUAGEMINZU,FENBUSHANGJIAOCUOZAJU,JINGJISHANGXIANGHUYICUN,WENHUASHANGJIANSHOUBINGXU,QINGGANSHANGXIANGHUQINJIN,XINGCHENGNIZHONGYOUWO、WOZHONGYOUNI、SHEIYELIBUKAISHEIDEDUOYUANYITIGEJU,SHIYIGEDAJIATINGLIBUTONGCHENGYUANDEGUANXI。ZAIZHONGHUAMINZUDAJIATINGZHONG,XINJIANGGEMINZUSHOUZUXIANGQIN、SHOUWANGXIANGZHU,XIUQIXIANGGUAN、RONGRUYUGONG,GONGTONGSHENGCHANSHENGHUO,DIYUWAILAIQINLVE,FANDUIMINZUFENLIE,WEIHUZUGUOTONGYI。

  四、维吾尔族是经过长期迁徙融合形成的

e世博天上人间  WEIWUERZUXIANMINDEZHUTISHISUITANGSHIQIDEHUIHEREN,HUODONGZAIMENGGUGAOYUAN,CENGJINGYOUWUHU、WUHE、YUANHE、WEIHE、HUIHEDENGDUOZHONGHANYIMINGCHENG。HUIHERENWEILEFANKANGTUJUEDEYAPOHENUYI,LIANHETIELEZHUBUZHONGDEPUGU、TONGLUODENGBUZUCHENGLEHUIHEBULUOLIANMENG。744NIAN,TONGYILEHUIHEGEBUDESHOULINGGULIPEILUOSHOUTANGCHAOCEFENG。788NIAN,HUIHETONGZHIZHESHANGSHUTANGCHAO,ZIQINGGAIWEI“HUIGU”。840NIAN,HUIGUHANGUOBEIXIAJIASIGONGPO,HUIGURENCHUYIBUFENQIANRUNEIDITONGHANRENRONGHEWAI,QIYUFENWEI3ZHI:YIZHIQIANWANGTULUFANPENDIHEJINTIANDEJIMUSAERDIQU,JIANLILEGAOCHANGHUIGUWANGGUO;YIZHIQIANWANGHEXIZOULANG,YUDANGDIZHUZUJIAOWANGRONGHE,XINGCHENGYUGUZU;YIZHIQIANWANGPAMIERYIXI,HOUFENBUZAIZHONGYAZHIJINKASHENYIDAI,YUGELUOLU、YANGMODENGBUZUYIQIJIANLILEKALAHANWANGCHAO。HUIGURENXIANGJIRONGHELETULUFANPENDIDEHANREN、TALIMUPENDIDEYANQIREN、GUIZIREN、YUTIANREN、SHULERENDENG,GOUCHENGJINDAIWEIWUERZUDEZHUTI。YUANDAI,WEIWUERZUXIANMINZAIHANYUZHONGYOUCHENGWEIWUER。YUANMINGSHIQI,XINJIANGGEMINZUJINYIBURONGHE,MENGGURENYOUQISHICHAHETAIHANGUODEMENGGURENJIBENHEWEIWUERRENRONGWEIYITI,WEIWEIWUERBUCHONGLEXINXIANXUEYE。1934NIAN,XINJIANGSHENGFABUZHENGFULING,JUEDINGTONGYISHIYONGWEIWUERZUOWEIHANWENGUIFANCHENGWEI,YIWEIWEIHUNIWOTUANJIE,SHOUCIJINGQUEBIAODALEUygurMINGCHENGDEBENYI。

  LISHISHANG,WEIWUERZUXIANMINSHOUTUJUERENNUYI,LIANGZHESHIBEINUYIHENUYIDEGUANXI。WEIWUERZUXIANMINHUIHEZAOQISHOUTUJUETONGZHI,ZAITANGCHAOJUNDUIZHICHIXIA,QIBINGFANKANGDONGTUJUEHANGUO,BINGXIANHOUGONGMIEXITUJUEHANGUO、HOUTUJUEHANGUO。XITUJUEHANGUOMIEWANGHOU,YIXIESHIYONGTUJUEYUZUYUYANDEBULUOXIANGXIQIANXI,QIZHONGYIZHIZHANGQIZHANZHUANXIQIANXIAOYAXIYA,RONGRUDANGDIZHUZU。WEIWUERRENBUSHITUJUERENDEHOUYI。

  JINDAIYILAI,YIXIE“FANTUJUEZHUYI”FENZIYIXIQIANDEBUFENSHIYONGTUJUEYUZUYUYANDEBULUORONGRUDANGDIZHUZUWEIJIEKOU,BASHIYONGTUJUEYUZUYUYANDEGEMINZUDOUSHUOCHENGSHITUJUEREN,ZHEISHIBIEYOUYONGXINDE。YUZUHEMINZUSHILIANGGEBUTONGDEGAINIAN,YOUZHEBENZHIDEQUBIE。ZHONGGUOSHIYONGTUJUEYUZUYUYANDEYOUWEIWUER、HASAKE、KEERKEZI、WUZIBIEKE、TATAER、YUGU、SALADENGMINZU,TAMENDOUJUYOUGEZILISHIHEWENHUATEZHI,JUEBUSHISUOWEI“TUJUEZU”DEZUCHENGBUFEN。

  五、新疆各民族文化是中华文化的组成部分

  ZHONGHUAMINZUJUYOU5000DUONIANDEWENMINGFAZHANSHI,GEMINZUGONGTONGCHUANGZAOLEYOUJIUDEZHONGGUOLISHI、CANLANDEZHONGHUAWENHUA。QINHANXIONGFENG、SHENGTANGQIXIANG、KANGQIANSHENGSHI,SHIGEMINZUGONGTONGZHUJIUDEHUIHUANG。DUOMINZUDUOWENHUASHIZHONGGUODEYIDATESE,YESHIGUOJIAFAZHANDEZHONGYAODONGLI。

e世博天上人间  ZIGUYILAI,YOUYUDILICHAYIHEQUYUFAZHANBUPINGHENG,ZHONGHUAWENHUACHENGXIANFENGFUDEDUOYUANZHUANGTAI,CUNZAINANBEI、DONGXICHAYI。CHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQI,GEJUTESEDEQUYUWENHUAYIDATIXINGCHENG。QINHANYIHOU,LIJINGGEDAI,ZAIZHONGGUOLIAOKUODEJIANGTUSHANG,TONGGUOQIANXI、JUHE、ZHANZHENG、HEQIN、HUSHIDENG,GEMINZUWENHUABUDUANJINXINGJIAOLIUJIAORONG,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGQIXIANGHUIHONGDEZHONGHUAWENHUA。

  ZAOZAI2000DUONIANQIAN,XINJIANGDIQUJIUSHIZHONGHUAWENMINGXIANGXIKAIFANGDEMENHU,SHIDONGXIFANGWENMINGJIAOLIUCHUANBODEZHONGDI,ZHEILIDUOYUANWENHUAHUICUI、DUOZHONGWENHUABINGCUN。ZHONGYUANWENHUAHEXIYUWENHUAZHANGQIJIAOLIUJIAORONG,JITUIDONGLEXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUADEFAZHAN,YECUJINLEDUOYUANYITIDEZHONGHUAWENHUAFAZHAN。XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUACONGYIKAISHIJIUDASHANGLEZHONGHUAWENHUADEYINJI。ZHONGHUAWENHUASHIZHONGSHIXINJIANGGEMINZUDEQINGGANYITUO、XINLINGGUISUHEJINGSHENJIAYUAN,YESHIXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAFAZHANDEDONGLIYUANQUAN。

  ZHONGYUANYUXIYUDEJINGJIWENHUAJIAOLIUSHIYUXIANQINSHIQI。DAOHANDAI,HANYUYICHENGWEIXIYUGUANFUWENSHUZHONGDETONGYONGYUZHIYI,PIPA、QIANGDIDENGLEQIYOUXIYUHUOTONGGUOXIYUCHUANRUZHONGYUAN,ZHONGYUANNONGYESHENGCHANJISHU、LIYIZHIDU、HANYUSHUJI、YINLEWUDAODENGZAIXIYUGUANGFANCHUANBO。GAOCHANGHUIGUSHIYONGTANGDAILISHU,YIZHIYANXUDAO10SHIJIXIABANQI。TANGDAISHIRENCENCANDESHIJU“HUAMENJIANGJUNSHANHUGE,YEHEFANWANGNENGHANYU”,SHIDANGSHIXINJIANGDIQUMINHANYUYANBINGYONG、WENHUAFANRONGJINGXIANGDEXIEZHAO。SONGDAI,TIANSHANNANLUDEFOJIAOYISHUYIRANXINGSHENG,ZHIJINRENGLIUYOUDALIANGYIJI。XILIAOSHIQI,QIDANRENZHENGFUKALAHANWANGCHAO,KONGZHIXINJIANGDIQUHEZHONGYA,DIANZHANGLIZHIDUOYANXIZHONGYUANJIUZHI。YUANDAI,DAPIWEIWUERDENGSHAOSHUMINZUYIJUNEIDISHENGHUO,XUEXISHIYONGHANYU,YOUDECANJIAKEJUKAOSHIBINGBEILUYONGWEIGEJIGUANYUAN,YONGXIANLEYIPIZHENGZHIJIA、WENXUEJIA、YISHUJIA、SHIXUEJIA、NONGXUEJIA、FANYIJIADENG,YOULITUIDONGLEXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUADEFAZHAN。MINGQINGSHIQI,SHOUYISILANWENHUADEYINGXIANG,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAZAITONGYUWAIWENHUAJIXISHOUYOUCHONGTUDEGUOCHENGZHONGPAIHUAIFAZHAN。JINXIANDAIYILAI,ZAIXINHAIGEMING、EGUOSHIYUEGEMING、WUSIYUNDONG、XINMINZHUZHUYIGEMINGDOUZHENGYINGXIANGXIA,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAXIANGXIANDAIZHUANXING,GEMINZUDEGUOJIARENTONGHEZHONGHUAWENHUARENTONGDADAOXINDEGAODU。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAJINRUSHIWUQIANLIDEDAFANRONGDAFAZHANSHIQI。LISHIZHENGMING,XINJIANGDIQUFANSHIDUOYUBINGYONG、JIAOLIUPINFANDESHIQI,YESHIGEMINZUWENHUABOXING、SHEHUIJINBUDESHIQI。XUEXISHIYONGGUOJIATONGYONGYUYANWENZI,SHIFANRONGFAZHANXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUADEZHONGYAOLISHIJINGYAN。

    XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUASHIZHONGZHAGENZHONGHUAWENMINGWOTU,SHIZHONGHUAWENHUABUKEFENGEDEYIBUFEN。ZAOZAIYISILANWENHUACHUANRUXINJIANGZHIQIAN,BAOKUOWEIWUERZUWENHUAZAINEIDEXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAYIZAIZHONGHUAWENMINGWOTUZHONGZHIFANYEMAO。YUANZI7SHIJIDEALABOWENMINGTIXIDEYISILANWENHUA,ZHIDAO9SHIJIMO10SHIJICHU,SUIZHEYISILANJIAOCHUANRUXIYUCAIDUIXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAFASHENGYINGXIANG。ZONGJIAODUIWENHUADEYINGXIANG,JIYOUZIYUANJIESHOUDETUJING,YEYOUTONGGUOWENHUACHONGTUSHENZHIZONGJIAOZHANZHENGDEQIANGZHIFANGSHI。ZAIXINJIANG,YISILANJIAOHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHITONGGUOHOUYIZHONGFANGSHIJINRU,ZHEIDAOZHIFOJIAOLIUXINGSHIQICHUANGZAODEXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAYISHUZAODAOYANZHONGPOHUAI。YISILANWENHUACHUANRUXINJIANG,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAJIYOUDIZHI,GENGYOUXUANZEXINGXISHOUHEZHONGGUOHUAGAIZAO,JIMEIYOUGAIBIANSHUYUZHONGHUAWENMINGDETEZHIHEZOUXIANG,YEMEIYOUGAIBIANSHUYUZHONGHUAWENHUAYIBUFENDEKEGUANSHISHI。CHANSHENGYU9SHIJIZHI10SHIJIDEYINGXIONGSHISHI《MANASI》,JINGGUOKEERKEZIGESHOUSHIDAICHUANCHANGYUJIAGONG,CHENGWEIXIANGYUZHONGWAIDEWENXUEJUZHU。15SHIJIQIANHOU,MENGGUZUWEILATEYINGXIONGSHISHI《JIANGGEER》ZAIXINJIANGDIQUZHUJIANXINGCHENG,YU《MANASI》《GESAERWANGCHUAN》YIQIBEIYUWEIZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZU3BUZUIZHUMINGDESHISHI。WEIWUERZUWENXUEJIAZUOFENCHENG,DAIBIAOZUO《FULEZHIHUI》《ZHENLIDERUMEN》《TUJUEYUDACIDIAN》《SHIERMUKAMU》DENG,DOUCHENGWEIZHONGHUAWENHUABAOKUZHONGDEZHENPIN,XINJIANGGEMINZUDUIZHONGHUAWENHUADEXINGCHENGHEFAZHANDOUZUOCHULEGONGXIAN。

  ZHONGHUAWENHUARENTONGSHIXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAFANRONGFAZHANZHIJI。LISHISHANG,FANSHIZHONGYANGWANGCHAODUIXINJIANGJINXINGYOUXIAOZHILI、SHEHUIWENDINGDESHIQI,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAHEZHONGYUANWENHUADEJIAOLIUJIAORONGJIUCHANGTONG,JINGJIWENHUAJIUFANRONGXINGWANG;FANSHIXINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUABINGCHENGZHONGHUAWENHUACHONGRENAI、ZHONGMINBEN、SHOUCHENGXIN、JIANGBIANZHENG、SHANGHEHE、QIUDATONGDESIXIANG,DUIDUOYUANWENHUAXISHOURONGHE、JIANSHOUBINGXU,DUOYUANYITIDETEZHENGJIUYUEMINGXIAN,XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAJIUYUEJINBU。XINJIANGGEMINZUWENHUAYAOFANRONGFAZHAN,BIXUYUSHIJUJIN,SHULIKAIFANG、BAORONGLINIAN,JIANCHIYUZHONGHUAGEMINZUWENHUAJIAOLIURONGHE,YUSHIJIEDUOMINZUWENHUAJIAOLIUHUJIAN,JIANSHEGEMINZUGONGYOUJINGSHENJIAYUAN。

  六、新疆历来是多种宗教并存的地区

e世博天上人间  ZHONGGUOZIGUYILAIJIUSHIDUOZONGJIAODEGUOJIA,CHULEZUZHIXING、ZHIDUXINGJIAOQIANGDEJIDAZONGJIAOWAI,HAICUNZAIDALIANGDEMINJIANXINYANG。CHULEDAOJIAOHEMINJIANXINYANGSHIZHONGGUOTUSHENGTUZHANGDEZHIWAI,QITADOUYOUGUOWAICHUANRU。XINJIANGDIQULILAIYESHIDUOZHONGZONGJIAOXINYANGBINGCUN,YIJIAOHUOLIANGJIAOWEIZHU、DUOJIAOBINGCUNSHIXINJIANGZONGJIAOGEJUDELISHITEDIAN,JIAORONGGONGCUNSHIXINJIANGZONGJIAOGUANXIDEZHULIU。

  XINJIANGDUOZHONGZONGJIAOBINGCUNGEJUXINGCHENGHEYANBIANJINGLILEMANZHANGDELISHIGUOCHENG。ZAOZAIGONGYUANQIAN4SHIJIYIQIAN,XINJIANGLIUXINGDESHIYUANSHIZONGJIAO。DAYUEGONGYUANQIAN1SHIJI,FOJIAOCHUANRUXINJIANGDIQU,4SHIJIZHI10SHIJI,FOJIAOJINRUDINGSHENGSHIQI。TONGQI,XIANJIAOLIUXINGYUXINJIANGGEDI。ZHI16SHIJIMO17SHIJICHU,ZANGCHUANFOJIAOZAIBEIJIANGDIQUZHUJIANXINGSHENGQILAI。DAOJIAOYU5SHIJIQIANHOUCHUANRUXINJIANG,ZHUYAOSHENGXINGYUTULUFAN、HAMIDENGDI,ZHIQINGDAICHUANBOZHIXINJIANGDABUFENDIQUBINGYIDUFUXING。MONIJIAOHEJINGJIAOYU6SHIJIXIANGJICHUANRUXINJIANG。10SHIJIZHI14SHIJI,JINGJIAOSUIZHEHUIGUDENGMINZUXINYANGERXINGSHENG。

e世博天上人间  9SHIJIMO10SHIJICHU,KALAHANWANGCHAOJIESHOUYISILANJIAO,BINGYU10SHIJIZHONGYEXIANGXINYANGFOJIAODEYUTIANWANGGUOFADONG40YUNIANZONGJIAOZHANZHENG,11SHIJICHUGONGMIEYUTIAN,QIANGZHITUIXINGYISILANJIAO,JIESHULEFOJIAOZAIZHEIGEDIQUQIANYUNIANDELISHI。SUIZHEYISILANJIAODEBUDUANCHUANBO,XIANJIAO、MONIJIAO、JINGJIAODENGZONGJIAORIQUSHUAILUO。14SHIJIZHONGYE,DONGCHAHETAIHANGUOTONGZHIZHEYIZHANZHENGDENGQIANGZHISHOUDUAN,JIANGYISILANJIAOZHUJIANTUIXINGDAOTALIMUPENDIBEIYUAN、TULUFANPENDIHEHAMIYIDAI。ZHI16SHIJICHU,XINJIANGXINGCHENGLEYIYISILANJIAOWEIZHUYAOZONGJIAO、DUOZHONGZONGJIAOBINGCUNDEGEJUBINGYANXUZHIJIN,YUANLAIDANGDIJUMINXINYANGDEXIANJIAO、MONIJIAO、JINGJIAODENGZHUJIANXIAOSHI,FOJIAO、DAOJIAORENGRANCUNZAI。17SHIJICHU,WEILATEMENGGURENJIESHOULEZANGCHUANFOJIAO。YUEZI18SHIJISHI,JIDUJIAO、TIANZHUJIAO、DONGZHENGJIAOXIANGJICHUANRUXINJIANG。

  XINJIANGXIANYOUYISILANJIAO、FOJIAO、DAOJIAO、JIDUJIAO、TIANZHUJIAO、DONGZHENGJIAODENGZONGJIAO。QINGZHENSI、JIAOTANG、SIYUAN、DAOGUANDENGZONGJIAOHUODONGCHANGSUO2.48WANZUO,ZONGJIAOJIAOZHIRENYUAN2.93WANREN。QIZHONG,QINGZHENSI2.44WANZUO,FOJIAOSIYUAN59ZUO,DAOJIAOGONGGUAN1ZUO,JIDUJIAOJIAOTANG(JUHUIDIAN)227GE,TIANZHUJIAOJIAOTANG(JUHUIDIAN)26GE,DONGZHENGJIAOJIAOTANG(JUHUIDIAN)3ZUO。

e世博天上人间  TONGSHIJIESHANGDADUOSHUGUOJIAYIYANG,ZHONGGUOJIANCHIZHENGJIAOFENLIYUANZE。RENHEZONGJIAOBUDEGANYUZHENGZHI、GANYUZHENGFUSHIWU,BUDELIYONGZONGJIAOGANYUXINGZHENG、SIFA、JIAOYU、HUNYIN、JIHUASHENGYUDENG,BUDELIYONGZONGJIAOFANGAIZHENGCHANGSHEHUIZHIXU、GONGZUOZHIXU、SHENGHUOZHIXU,BUDELIYONGZONGJIAOFANDUIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、POHUAIMINZUTUANJIEHEGUOJIATONGYI。

  XINJIANGQUANMIANGUANCHEGUOJIAZONGJIAOXINYANGZIYOUDEXIANFAYUANZE,JIZUNZHONGXINYANGZONGJIAODEZIYOU、YOUZUNZHONGBUXINYANGZONGJIAODEZIYOU,JUEBUYUNXUZAIXINJIAOHEBUXINJIAO、XINZHEIZHONGJIAOHEXINNEIZHONGJIAO、XINZHEIYIJIAOPAIHEXINNEIYIJIAOPAIQUNZHONGZHIJIANZHIZAOFENZHENG。XINJIANGSHIZHONGJIANCHIGEZONGJIAOYILVPINGDENG,DUISUOYOUZONGJIAOYISHITONGREN,BUPIANTANMOUGEZONGJIAO,YEBUQISHIMOUGEZONGJIAO,RENHEZONGJIAOBUDEXIANGYOUCHAOYUEQITAZONGJIAODETESHUDIWEI。XINJIANGSHIZHONGJIANCHIFALVMIANQIANRENRENPINGDENG,XINJIAOQUNZHONGHEBUXINJIAOQUNZHONGXIANGYOUTONGDENGQUANLI、LVXINGTONGDENGYIWU,WULUNSHENMEREN、NAGEMINZU、XINYANGSHENMEZONGJIAO,ZHIYAOWEIFA,JIUBIXUYIFACHULI。

e世博天上人间  TONGSUOZAISHEHUIXIANGSHIYINGSHIZONGJIAOSHENGCUNFAZHANDEQUSHIHEGUILV。ZHONGGUOZONGJIAOFAZHANDELISHIZHENGMING,ZHIYOUJIANCHIZHONGGUOHUAFANGXIANG,ZONGJIAOCAINENGGENGHAODIYUZHONGGUOSHEHUIXIANGSHIYING。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70NIANDELISHIYEZHENGMING,ZONGJIAOZHIYOUYUSHEHUIZHUYISHEHUIXIANGSHIYING,CAINENGJIANKANGFAZHAN。BIXUJIANCHIDULIZIZHUZIBANYUANZE,FANGZHIYIQIE“QUZHONGGUOHUA”QINGXIANG。BIXUDALIPEIYANGHETICHANGSHISUHUAXIANDAIHUADEWENMINGSHENGHUOFANGSHI,BINGQIYUMEILUOHOUDECHENGUILOUXI。BIXUHONGYANGZONGJIAOZHONGGUOHUADELISHICHUANTONG,YONGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANYINLING、YONGZHONGHUAWENHUAJINRUNZHONGGUOGEZHONGZONGJIAO,NULIBAZONGJIAOJIAOYITONGZHONGHUAWENHUAXIANGRONGHE,JIJIYINDAOBAOKUOYISILANJIAOZAINEIDEGEZHONGZONGJIAOZOUZHONGGUOHUADAOLU。

  七、伊斯兰教不是维吾尔族天生信仰且唯一信仰的宗教

  WEIWUERZUXIANMINZUICHUXINYANGYUANSHIZONGJIAOHESAMANJIAO,HOULAIXIANGJIXINYANGGUOXIANJIAO、FOJIAO、MONIJIAO、JINGJIAO、YISILANJIAODENG。TANGSONGSHIQI,ZAIGAOCHANGHUIGUWANGGUOHEYUTIANWANGGUO,SHANGZHIWANGGONGGUIZU、XIAZHIDICENGMINZHONGPUBIANXINYANGFOJIAO。YUANDAI,YOUDALIANGHUIGURENGAIXINJINGJIAO。ZHIDAOJINTIAN,RENGYOUYIXIEWEIWUERZUQUNZHONGXINFENGQITAZONGJIAO,YEYOUXUDUORENBUXINYANGZONGJIAO。

  YISILANJIAOCHUANRUXINJIANGDIQU,YUALABODIGUOXINGQIHEYISILANJIAOYOUXIXIANGDONGKUOZHANGYOUGUAN。WEIWUERZUXINYANGYISILANJIAO,BUSHIDANGSHIMINZHONGZHUDONGGAIXINHEZHUANXING,ERSHIZONGJIAOZHANZHENGHETONGZHIJIEJIQIANGZHITUIXINGDEJIEGUO。SUIRANZHEIZHONGQIANGPOBINGBUYINGXIANGJINTIANZUNZHONGWEIWUERZUQUNZHONGXINYANGYISILANJIAODEQUANLI,DANTASHIYIGELISHISHISHI。YISILANJIAOJIBUSHIWEIWUERZUTIANSHENGXINYANGDEZONGJIAO,YEBUSHIWEIYIXINYANGDEZONGJIAO。

  XINJIANGDEWEIWUER、HASAKEDENGMINZUDEXIANMINZAIJIESHOUYISILANJIAOGUOCHENGZHONG,JIBAOLIULEZHEIXIEMINZUYUANYOUDEXINYANGHEWENHUACHUANTONG,YOUXISHOULEXINJIANGDIQUQITAMINZUHENEIDIDEWENHUA,YIXIEYUANYOUDEZONGJIAOGUANNIAN、YISHI、FENGSUXIGUANJINGYANHUADEYICUNXU,BINGXIANGHUYINGXIANG,ZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEJUYOUXIANMINGDIYUTEZHENGHEMINZUTESEDEXINJIANGYISILANJIAO。LIRU,YISILANJIAOYUANBENFANDUICHONGBAIANLAZHIWAIDERENHERENHUOWU,DANWEIWUERDENGMINZUZHIJINRENGYOUMAZHACHONGBAI,ZHEISHIYISILANJIAOBENTUHUAZUIDIANXINGDEBIAOXIAN。ZAIMAZHASHANGLIGAOGAN、GUAQIFAN、XUANYANGPIDENGXISU,ZESHISAMANJIAO、FOJIAODENGDUOYUANZONGJIAODEYICUN。YOURU,SHIJIANYUQIANLONGNIANJIANDEYININGBAITULAQINGZHENSI、WULUMUQISHANXIDASIDENG,ZAIXIUJIANSHICAIYONGLENEIDICHUANTONGLIANGZHUSHIJIEGOU。ZHEIDOUSHIYISILANJIAOZHONGGUOHUADEJUTIBIAOXIAN。

e世博天上人间  ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,20SHIJI70NIANDAIMO80NIANDAICHUYILAI,TEBIESHILENGZHANJIESHUHOU,SHOUGUOJIZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYISICHAOYINGXIANG,ZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYIZAIXINJIANGZISHENGMANYAN,DAOZHIBAOKONGANSHIJIANDUOFAPINFA,JIXINJIANGSHEHUIWENDINGHERENMINSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANZAOCHENGJIDAWEIHAI。ZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYIPIZHEZONGJIAOWAIYI、DAZHEZONGJIAOQIHAO,XUANYANG“SHENQUANZHENGZHILUN”“ZONGJIAOZHISHANGLUN”“YIJIAOTULUN”“SHENGZHANLUN”DENG,SHANDONGBAOLIKONGBU,ZHIZAOZUQUNDUILI。ZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYIYUYISILANJIAODENGZONGJIAOCHANGDAODEAIGUO、HEPING、TUANJIE、ZHONGDAO、KUANRONG、SHANXINGDENGJIAOYIBEIDAOERCHI,QIBENZHISHIFANRENLEI、FANSHEHUI、FANWENMING、FANZONGJIAODE。ZONGJIAOJIDUANZHUYISHIDUIZONGJIAODEBEIPAN,JUEBUNENGBAZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGTONGZONGJIAOWENTICHEZAIYIQI,JUEBUNENGYONGZONGJIAOWENTILAITIZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGZUOSHUOCI,JUEBUNENGJIEKOUSHEJIZONGJIAOWENTIERTUITUOQINGCHUZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGDEZEREN。XINJIANGJIEJIANGUOJIJINGYAN,JIEHEBENDIQUSHIJI,CAIQUJIANJUECUOSHI,YIFAKAIZHANFANKONGHEQUJIDUANHUADOUZHENG,CHENZHONGDAJILEBAOKONGSHILIDEXIAOZHANGQIYAN,YOULIEZHILEZONGJIAOJIDUANSIXIANGDEZISHENGMANYAN,MANZULEXINJIANGGEZURENMINDUIANQUANDEYINQIEQIDAI,BAOZHANGLEJIBENRENQUAN,WEIHULESHEHUIHEXIEWENDING。XINJIANGDEFANKONG、QUJIDUANHUADOUZHENG,SHIRENLEIZHENGYI、WENMINGDUIXIEE、YEMANDEDOUZHENG,LIYINGDEDAOZHICHI、ZUNZHONGHELIJIE。GUOJISHANGYOUDEGUOJIA、ZUZHIHUOGEREN,FENGXINGFANKONGHERENQUAN“SHUANGZHONGBIAOZHUN”,DUICIHENGJIAZHIZE,HUSHUOBADAO,WANQUANWEIBEILERENLEIGONGLIHEJIBENLIANGZHI,ZHEISHIYIQIEAIHAOZHENGYIHEJINBUDERENSUOJUEBUNENGDAYINGDE。

  结束语

  LISHIWENTISHIZHONGDAYUANZEWENTI。YUNYONGLISHIWEIWUZHUYI、BIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIDELICHANG、GUANDIANHEFANGFA,ZHENGQUERENSHIGUOJIA、LISHI、MINZU、WENHUA、ZONGJIAODENGWENTI,KEXUEHUIDAXINJIANGRUOGANLISHIWENTI,GUANXIZHONGHUAMINZUDENINGJULI、XIANGXINLI,GUANXIZHONGGUODETONGYIHEGUOJIAZHANGZHIJIUAN,GUANXIDIQUANQUAN、WENDINGHEFAZHAN。

e世博天上人间  DANGQIAN,XINJIANGJINGJICHIXUFAZHAN,SHEHUIHEXIEWENDING,MINSHENGBUDUANGAISHAN,WENHUAKONGQIANFANRONG,ZONGJIAOHEMUHESHUN,GEZURENMINXIANGSHILIUZIYIYANGJINJINTUANJIEZAIYIQI,XINJIANGCHUYULISHISHANGZUIHAODEFANRONGFAZHANSHIQI。JINGWAIDIDUISHILIYU“SANGUSHILI”HANGXIEYIQI,DUZHUANLISHI、WAIQUSHISHI,NILISHICHAOLIUERDONG,QIJIEGUOBIJIANGBEILISHIHERENMINSUOTUOQI。

e世博天上人间  XINJIANGSHUYUXINJIANGGEZURENMIN,SHUYUZHENGGEZHONGHUAMINZU。JIANSHOUZHONGHUAWENHUALICHANG,CHUANCHENGZHONGHUAWENHUAJIYIN,GOUJIANGEMINZUGONGYOUJINGSHENJIAYUAN,SHIBAOKUOXINJIANGGEZURENMINZAINEIDEQUANZHONGGUORENMINDEGONGTONGZERENHEZHUIQIU。DANGQIAN,ZAIYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGJIANQIANGLINGDAOXIA,ZAIQUANGUORENMINDEGUANXINZHICHIXIA,XINJIANGGEZURENMINZHENGZAIWEISHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAOHEZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENGERBUXIENULI,XINJIANGDEMINGTIANHUIGENGJIAMEIHAO,XINJIANGDEMINGTIANYIDINGHUIGENGJIAMEIHAO!

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